Once regarded as a poor relation of shopping centres, retail parks – as new research from Cushman & Wakefield shows – are proving increasingly popular with shoppers, retailers and investors.
Increased retail park development across Europe is set to deliver 1.3 million sq m of new space to market by the end of the year – this is up 50% on 2015’s total.
According to Cushman & Wakefield’s European Retail Park Development Report, a further 1.1 million sq m of new retail park space is scheduled for delivery in 2017. This is also significantly more than the 863,000 sq m of space added across Europe in 2015.
Martin Supple, EMEA Out of Town Retail Partner at Cushman & Wakefield, comments: “The demand for well-located and accessible retail parks is strengthening, and is being met with the addition of upmarket food operators and an improved quality of redevelopment and refurbishment.
“There has also been an increase in new entrants, as many retailers traditionally associated with the high street – such as H&M, Zara and CCC – look to test the water and trial retail parks as part of their portfolios.”
If all the new space is delivered as planned, it will take the total retail park floorspace in Europe from 37.3 million sq m at the start of 2016 to nearly 40 million sq m by the end of 2017. Of the potential 2.41 million sq m to be added, 2.06 million is in Western Europe and 0.35 million is in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE).
As it was in 2015, the retail park pipeline for 2016/2017 is dominated by France which accounts for 54% of total new space in Western Europe, followed by the UK with 17%, and Italy with 10%. The top three in CEE are Russia, Poland, Czech Republic – although the pipeline of potential floorspace is considerably lower than in Western Europe.
Martin Supple reports: “In general, there is growing occupier demand for retail parks across Europe – reflected in low vacancy rates – driven by relatively low costs, flexible floor layouts, better logistical structure for supplying the stores, click-and-collect services and the opportunity to test new formats and concepts.
“At the same time, customers are being drawn in by one-stop shopping, free parking and an increasingly wide range of retailers. Improved designs and style and a focus on experience, reflected in the presence of leisure and entertainment operators, are also having a positive impact on footfall. This is shown by an increase in development pipeline primed to deliver new units to market to meet appetite.”
Although 2015 saw a slight dip in development terms, it was the biggest year since 2006 for investment into retail parks and retail warehouses with €9 billion invested across Europe. This was led by the UK – which accounted for 55% of the total – followed by France and Sweden. French investment was up 69% on 2014 while Sweden’s €594 million represented a new record investment.
Transactional activity has been at a lower level thus far in 2016. Limited primarily to smaller deals in several Western European countries, the bulk of this investment has been located in France where retail parks remain a highly sought-after asset type. UK investors have been the most active both domestically and across the continent.
Key findings from Cushman & Wakefield European Retail Park Development Report:
01 The quality of the retail park offer is improving with redevelopments and refurbishments paving the way
02 Expanding retail range, leisure and entertainment mix are key success factors for schemes
03 Growing consumer and retailer demand for welllocated and accessible retail
04 Increasing levels of smallerscale schemes servicing local catchment areas
05 Addition of upmarket food operators
06 Increasing footfalls and decreasing vacancy rates
07 Growing franchising in several sub-sectors, including fashion, white goods retailers, leisure and entertainment operators in order to limit new format risk
08 Reorientation of tenant mix with a growing proportion of newcomers to the retail park market that previously only took space in high street locations or shopping centres